HR Glossary

A comprehensive tool that defines common terms and phrases used by HR and benefit strategies professionals.

360-degree Feedback
360-degree feedback is a process in which employees are evaluated by their superiors, peers and subordinates.
Absconding
Absconding is the act of an employee taking unauthorized leave from his or her job and not returning.
Absenteeism Policy
An absenteeism policy is a set of rules and guidelines that an organization or business uses to determine the amount of time that an employee can be absent from work before they are considered to be absent too much.
Absolute Ratings
Absolute ratings are used in performance appraisal to rank employee performance or to establish pay ranges. Absolute ratings are also known as ranking, grading, or stanine scores.
Affinity Groups
Affinity groups are employee-based organizations that are sponsored by an employer
Agile HR
Agile HR refers to the use of a variety of HR techniques and tools to achieve a workforce that is agile and able to adapt to changing business needs.
Ancillary Benefits
Ancillary benefits are benefits offered to employees in addition to their primary benefits; examples include life insurance, paid time off, and health insurance benefits.
Applicant tracking system
An applicant tracking system is a software tool designed to support the entire recruitment process. It is designed to allow recruiters and staff to keep track of and manage potential candidates, and also to allow candidates to submit their applications electronically.
Appraisal
Appraisal is an assessment of the quality, quantity or value of something. Appraisals are used in business to determine the value of an item or collection of items, and in real estate to determine value of a property.
Appraisal Letter
An appraisal letter is a document that contains the opinions of an employee's supervisor concerning the employee's job performance, the employee's strengths and weaknesses, and the employee's potential for future promotions.
Apprenticeship
Apprenticeships are programs in which individuals are trained to become skilled laborers in a particular field.
Arbitration
Arbitration is a process that employers use to settle a labor dispute with an employee. The employer selects a neutral party to act as arbitrator and make a decision regarding the outcome of the dispute.
Assessment Centres
Assessment centres are the new name given to the process of using a series of assessments to evaluate candidates in a structured and standardized way.
At-Will Employment
At-will employment is an employment relationship in which the employer and employee are free to end the relationship at any time and for any reason.
Attendance Policy
An attendance policy is a set of guidelines used to determine whether an employee should be paid or disciplined for absences.
Attrition
Attrition is the reduction in the number of employees in an organization. Attrition occurs through a variety of means, including death, retirement, voluntary resignation, disability, discharge, layoffs or terminations, transfer to other positions, and death.
Background Check
A background check is an in-depth analysis of an individual's work history, criminal history and personal references. It is used to determine whether a person is a good fit for a particular job or position
Background Verification
Background verification is the process an employer uses to check an applicant's background to confirm the information provided during the application process is accurate.
Balanced Scorecard
A balanced scorecard is a strategy for measuring and managing business processes that helps organizations identify and prioritize different areas of improvement.
Basic Salary
A basic salary is a fixed amount of money that an employee earns on a regular basis for his or her work.
Behavioral competency
Behavioral competency is a concept that assesses an individual's ability to demonstrate specific behaviors that are essential for successful performance in a specific position or occupation.
Behaviorally Anchored Rating Scale
A behaviorally anchored rating scale (BARS) is a scale that requires the respondent to indicate their degree of agreement with a series of statements.
Benchmarking
Benchmarking is the process of comparing an organization's performance with that of competitors or other organizations to determine its strengths and weaknesses.
Bereavement Leave
Bereavement leave is paid time off that an employer grants to an employee who has experienced the death of a spouse, parent, child, or sibling.
Bonus
A bonus is a sum of money granted to an individual or group, usually as an incentive or reward.
Business Process Outsourcing
Business process outsourcing is a method of managing business operations by outsourcing the non-core functions of a business to a specialized outsourcing firm.
CTC
The Council for Technical and Career Colleges (CTC) is a non-profit organization that advocates for the common interests of technical and career colleges.
Career Break
A career break is a leave of absence from an employee's job for the sole purpose of pursuing an interest or activity outside of the workplace.
Career Path
A career path is a predetermined course where an employee can advance in a job or profession.
Career development
Career development is the process of helping employees acquire the knowledge, skills, and abilities that will help them improve their career prospects over the long term.
Change management
Change management is the process an organization uses to identify, plan and manage changes to its business environment that may impact the organization.
Churn Rate
Churn rate is a metric used to determine the number of customers or clients that discontinue service or stop doing business with a company.
Coaching
Coaching is an employee development process that helps employees improve their performance by providing them with feedback, advice and guidance on how to improve their performance.
Collective Bargaining Agreement
A collective bargaining agreement (CBA) is a contract between a union and an employer that specifies the terms of employment for union members.
Compensation
Compensation is the amount of money that an employee receives in exchange for his or her services. Compensation includes wages, salary, bonuses, and other benefits.
Compensation And Benefits
A compensation and benefits system is a company's response to the need to attract and retain qualified workers. This system is viewed as a tool used by some companies to help motivate and encourage employees to meet the company's performance goals.
Compensatory Off
A compensatory off is a term used in the employee benefits arena to describe an employer's payment to an employee for time off due to a personal injury or illness.
Competency
Competency refers to the level of ability that an individual has to successfully perform a task.
Competency-based Pay
In the workplace, competency-based pay is a means of determining an employee's compensation based on the employee's level of achievement in a certain area or skill.
Confidentiality agreement
A confidentiality agreement, or confidentiality contract, is a legal contract that employers use to legally bind employees to protect the company's trade secrets, patents, and other proprietary business information.
Confirmation Letter
A confirmation letter is a document sent to a job candidate who has been offered a position by an employer and accepted the offer.
Conflict resolution
Conflict resolution is the act of working through interpersonal conflicts, especially those that involve two or more people.
Contractor
A contractor is an individual who is hired to perform specific tasks for an organization with the understanding that the person will not be a permanent employee.
Corporate Culture
Corporate culture refers to the shared values and behaviors of an organization that are based on the unique characteristics of its members.
Cost-Per-Hire
Cost-per-hire is the total cost of recruiting, hiring and training a new employee, divided by the number of new employees hired.
Cross-functional team
Cross-functional teams are groups of employees from various departments within an organization who are brought together to address a specific issue.
Delayering
The term "delayering" is used to describe the process of removing middle management from an organization, which is typically done in response to a change in corporate strategy or a desire to reduce overhead costs.
Disciplinary Procedure
A disciplinary procedure is a system an employer uses to manage employee performance issues. The employer can choose to issue warnings, suspensions and terminations for repeated or severe violations of company policy.
Downshifting
Downshifting is the act of changing your work schedule to spend more time with your family and less time at work.
Downsizing
When a company decides to stop doing business in a particular market or to eliminate a certain number of jobs within the company, it is said to be downsizing.
E-Recruitment
E-recruitment is an e-business initiative that enables organizations to recruit, screen, and hire potential employees through the Internet.
Emotional Intelligence
Emotional intelligence refers to the ability to perceive, control, evaluate, and express emotions. It is a skill that can be learned, and it is thought that highly emotional intelligent people are better-equipped to succeed in the workplace than their less emotionally intelligent counterparts.
Employee Assessments
Employee assessments can be used to determine if an employee is a good fit for a job or a position within a company.
Employee Assistance Program
An employee assistance program is a type of employee benefit that provides assistance and support to employees who are going through difficult times in their lives that could affect their performance at work.
Employee Benefits
Employee benefits are a form of compensation that some companies offer to their employees. In the United States, an employer may be required to provide certain benefits, such as workers' compensation or health insurance, for its employees, but it is not always required.
Employee Clearance
Employee clearance is a review of an employee's background to determine whether or not the person would be an asset to the company
Employee Database
An employee database is an accounting system included in a human resources software package that allows an organization to track employee information such as job title, years of experience, and salary.
Employee Development
Employee development is the process organizations use to build the skills of employees over time.
Employee Empowerment
Empowerment is an organizational strategy that gives employees the freedom to make decisions regarding their jobs and the organization as a whole.SEO meta keywords: empowers, empowers employees, empowers workers, employee empowerment, empowerment, empower workers
Employee Engagement
Employee engagement is the emotional commitment and loyalty employees have to their employers and the organizations for which they work.
Employee Evaluation
Employee evaluation is the process an organization uses to evaluate the performance of its employees.
Employee File
An employee file is a collection of documents and records related to a specific employee.Defining HR:Defining HR is a tool that helps you create, manage and update job descriptions. You can also use this tool to create HR forms, payroll forms, employee files and much more.Defining HR is a HR solution for SME's that want to save time and money on HR.
Employee Handbooks
An employee handbook is a document that serves as a reference tool for new employees. It details company policies, procedures, and benefits.
Employee Lifecycle
The employee lifecycle is a tentative process that encompasses the important events and responsibilities that a company has in regards to its employees
Employee Net Promoter Score
Employee Net Promoter Score (eNPS) is a metric that helps gauge employee engagement.
Employee Onboarding
Employee onboarding is the process an organization uses to introduce new employees to the company, its culture, and its mission. This is a step that should not be overlooked as it can have a significant impact on the company's success.
Employee Orientation
Employee orientation is a process an organization uses to introduce new employees to its culture, mission, vision, values and strategic plan.
Employee Recognition
Employee recognition is a proven way to improve employee engagement, productivity, and morale. Learn how to recognize your employees.
Employee Records
An employee record is the documentation that an employer keeps on an employee. It has many different names, including personnel file, employment file, employee folder, employee record card, and personnel file folder.
Employee Referral
Employee referral programs are programs that allow employees to send job applications to friends and family members that are not currently working for the company. This is a great way to find qualified candidates.
Employee Referral Bonus
An employee referral bonus is a financial incentive that an organization offers its employees to persuade them to recommend qualified candidates to be hired.
Employee Referral Program
An employee referral program is a recruitment technique used by a company to attract new hires by giving existing employees a reward for recommending new employees.
Employee Relations
Employee relations is the process used by an organization to manage its workforce and ensure employees are getting their fair share of the action.
Employee Retention
Employee retention is the process of retaining current employees. It is a strategic business process used within organizations to reduce employee turnover and increase employee satisfaction.
Employee Rights
Employee rights are legal protections established by Congress and state legislatures to ensure that employers abide by the terms of an employment contract.
Employee Satisfaction
The relationship between an employee and his or her employer is characterized by one of mutual interest and concern. The employee is expected to be loyal, dependable, and productive, while the employer is expected to provide a safe and healthy work environment, fair compensation, and opportunities for professional growth
Employee Self Service
Employee self service allows employees to access and manage their own employment information.
Employee Stock Options
Employee stock options are an employee benefit that allow employees the ability to purchase company stock in the future at a set price, currently the market price.
Employee Termination
Employee termination is the act of terminating a current employee. Businesses may terminate employees for a variety of reasons, including employee misconduct, poor performance, and budget constraints.
Employee Training
Employee training is any organized effort to teach employees something new or to improve the skills of existing employees.
Employee Turnover
Employee turnover is a major problem in many organizations. It is the process of employees leaving their jobs and organizations.
Employee Welfare
Employee welfare is the set of activities an organization uses to provide support or benefits to employees that encourages employee engagement and retention.
Employee benefits administration
Employee benefits administration is the process an organization uses to ensure that it is offering appropriate benefits to its employees and that it is complying with applicable state and federal laws regarding benefits.
Employer Branding
Employer branding is the process an organization uses to create a positive image of itself within the mind of a job seeker in order to attract the best talent to fill open positions.
Employer Value Proposition
An employer value proposition is a strategy that a business uses to differentiate itself in the marketplace and identify the value it offers to employees.
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
Enterprise resource planning, or ERP, is a management system that allows organizations to streamline operations and manage their businesses on a single platform.
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is an independent federal agency that ensures that individuals are not discriminated against in the workplace on the basis of gender, race, color, national origin, religion, age, disability, or genetic information.
Equity Theory
Equity theory is the theory that workers are motivated to maximize their rewards in comparison to the rewards of other workers.
Exit interview
An exit interview is a discussion conducted by an employer with an employee who is leaving the company. The main purpose of an exit interview is to identify issues that may have lead to the employee's decision to leave the company.
Expatriate
Expatriate is a term that refers to a person who has moved to a foreign country and taken up permanent residence there.
Factor Comparison
The factor comparison method is an analysis tool that is used to determine the major factors that influence productivity. It can be used to analyze both individual jobs and entire organizations
Five Factor Model
The five factor model is a personality assessment questionnaire designed to evaluate a person's levels of extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness to experience.
Floating Holidays
Floating holidays are those for which an employee's accrued time off is not based on the number of hours or days worked but on a calendar date.
Forced Ranking
Forced ranking is a method of ranking employees within an organization. Utilizing forced ranking, employees are placed into a ranking hierarchy based on a set of measures, and are assigned a specific rank.
Fringe Benefits
Fringe benefits are monetary or non-monetary compensation benefits that an employer provides for its employees
Full Time Equivalent
Full time equivalent is a term used to describe the total number of hours worked by all employees within a company, calculated by adding up the total of all hours each employee works within a specific time period.
Functional Job Analysis
A functional job analysis is a process that identifies the skills and knowledge that are needed to perform a specific job.
GIG Economy
The gig economy refers to the sharing economy and is a term used to describe the use of temporary positions or freelance work, rather than full-time, permanent positions
Gamification
Gamification is a relatively new field of study that uses game design concepts to make non-game processes and activities more engaging for the people who are involved with them.
Gender Divide
The gender divide is the data set that quantifies the differences between men and women in the workforce.
Generation X
Generation X, also known as Gen X, is the term used to refer to the generation of people born in the 1960s and 1970s.
Generation Z
Generation Z, or iGen, is the name given to people born between 1995 and 2012.
Golden handcuffs
A golden handcuff is a generous severance package that an employer offers to an employee in the hopes that the employee will remain at the company for several years.
Gratuity
Gratuity is money that's given voluntarily to certain individuals who, due to their services or the relationship they have with the recipient, deserve to be rewarded.
Grievance
A grievance is a complaint filed by an employee with the employer to correct an error, problem or injustice that occurred in the workplace.
Gross Salary
Gross salary is an employee's regular pay before any deductions are taken out
Gross misconduct
Gross misconduct is a serious offense committed by an employee, usually one that is a direct violation of his or her contract or the law.
HR Audit
An HR audit is an evaluation of an organization's human resources department to determine how well it is functioning and how it could be improved.
HR Business Partner
An HR business partner is a member of the human resources department who works in cooperation with business managers to improve the efficiency of business processes that affect human resources.
HR Consulting
HR consulting involves providing an organization with consultation services that help it to solve issues or improve its HR practices and procedures. These services can be provided in-person or remotely.
HR Generalist
A human resources generalist is a person who has taken on the role of overseeing many of the human resources department's daily operations.
HR Outsourcing
Outsourcing is a method of handing over all or part of a company's human resource (HR) functions to an outside firm.
HR Software
HR software is computer software that is used to track the hiring, training, and development of employee staffs and workers.
HRBP
An HR business partner, or HRBP, is the employee of an organization who is the primary point of contact for all of the company's human resources needs.
HRIS
Human resource information systems (HRIS) are computerized systems that help human resource departments and managers in a company manage employee information, such as job descriptions, pay rates, and performance reviews
Hawthorne effect
The Hawthorne effect is a concept in which a change in the behavior of participants in an experiment is attributed to the experiment itself.
Headhunter
A headhunter is a person who is employed by a company or agency to locate and attract highly skilled professionals to fill job openings at the company or agency.
Health Insurance
Health insurance is a form of insurance coverage that pays for medical and surgical expenses incurred by the insured
Hierarchy of Needs
The hierarchy of needs is a psychological theory that argues people's needs must be fulfilled in a certain order, from most important to least important, otherwise the lower-level needs will not be fulfilled.
Holiday
A holiday is a day set aside by custom or by law on which normal activities, especially business and work, are suspended or reduced.
Human Capital Management
Human capital management involves managing all aspects of the human resources department, including employee hiring, training, and development.
Human Resource Information System
A human resource information system is a database used by human resources professionals to store and organize the data they collect.
Human Resource Management
The human resource department is responsible for overseeing employee relations and is often involved in hiring new employees.
Human Resource Management System
Human resource management systems are systems used by human resource departments to manage the people resources within an organization.
Human Resource Outsourcing
The practice of bringing in outside contractors to handle some or all of an organization's HR tasks.
Human Resources
A human resources department offers many services to employees, including compensation and benefits, employee relations, employment processes and performance management.
Human Resources Analytics
Analytics refers to the collection, organization, and presentation of data in a way that will help an organization make better business decisions.
Incentive Pay
Incentive pay is a form of compensation that is offered to employees in exchange for reaching a predetermined goal or accomplishing a certain task.
Induction
Induction is the introductory phase of a new employee's career. An effective induction program will help new hires assimilate into the workplace and understand their role within the organization.
Informal Communication
Informal communication is the process of sending and receiving information through personal interactions with others.
Insubordination
Insubordination is an employee's refusal to comply with an employer's policies or directives.
Internship
An internship is a short-term work experience that is typically unpaid, but can lead to future job opportunities. Internships are often used by companies to fill out their workforce and by students to gain experience and to earn college credit.
Job Analysis
A job analysis is a process used by an organization to assess the skills, tasks, and responsibilities of a specific job.
Job Board
Job boards are websites that list job openings from employers and allow users to post resumes.
Job Classification
Job classification is the process of evaluating jobs and determining which jobs are similar enough to be grouped together for the purpose of determining compensation and benefits.
Job Description
A job description is a statement that describes the position for which a person is applying. A job description may be in the form of a short document or a long, comprehensive list of the duties and responsibilities of the position.
Job Evaluation
Job evaluation is a method used by employers to decide how much to pay their employees for their work.
Job Interview
The job interview is an essential part of the hiring process. It allows an employer to assess a candidate's qualifications, experience and personality.
Job Rotation
Job rotation is a human resource management strategy used to provide employees with new challenges and responsibilities.
Job Specification
Job specification is a detailed list of the skills, knowledge, education, and experience a job candidate must have in order to be eligible for a job.
Job Title
Job title is a designation used in reference to a position held by an individual person, a position in a hierarchy, or a branch of an organization.
Job enrichment
Job enrichment is a workplace strategy that involves modifying an employee's job to make it more interesting and challenging.
Job satisfaction
Job satisfaction is the emotional response an employee has to the job he or she holds. Good job satisfaction is characterized by a positive emotional response to the job, the organization, and the work performed.
Johari Window
The Johari Window is a model that was created by Joseph Luft and Harrington Ingham to help an individual to analyze the factors that affect team building.
KSAs
KSAs are key skills and abilities that are deemed necessary for a particular job. KSAs are used to evaluate candidates applying for a job.
Key Performance Indicators
Key performance indicators are measurable standards of success an organization uses to determine if its goals are being met.
Key Result Areas
Key result areas are the specific goals, objectives and targets set by an organization's leadership team as a way to measure success
Knowledge Management
Knowledge management is an organizational strategy for sharing knowledge across a business. This includes both collecting information and putting it in a useful form for knowledgeable employees to access.
Labor Market
A labor market, job market, or labor market area is the market for the supply and demand of labor. It is a market that connects those who sell labor (workers or job seekers) with those who buy labor (employers or recruiters), usually through some sort of intermediary, which could be a recruiter, an employment agency, or a directly hired individual.
Labor Union
A labor union is an organization that represents workers, usually from a specific industry, in dealings with management.
Lateral Recruitment
Lateral recruitment is the process an organization uses to fill open positions by hiring people who are outside of the company
Layoff
A layoff is a temporary or permanent termination of employment due to a company downsizing or restructuring.
Leadership Development
Leadership development is the process by which an organization provides training to its leaders so that they are able to meet the challenges of their positions.
Learning Management System
A learning management system is an online application that allows an organization to create courses, track student progress and administer tests.
Learning and Development
Learning and development is the process of improving employee performance through the use of training and development programs, mentoring and coaching.
Management Styles
Management styles vary from one manager to the next. An effective manager is able to tailor his or her management style to the needs of his or her employees.
Management Training
Management training is a training program designed to prepare individuals for managerial positions.
Management by Objective
Management by objective is a management style in which managers and employees collaborate to establish performance goals and then meet regularly to analyze performance and make adjustments to improve results
Mandatory Overtime
Mandatory overtime is a policy that requires employees to work more hours than they normally would, usually in the case of an urgent project or deadline.
Mandatory Training
Mandatory training is a form of employee training in which employees are required to attend training courses on various topics, such as workplace safety, diversity, or sexual harassment.
Mandatory retirement
Mandatory retirement is a policy that requires employees to retire from employment at a predetermined age.
Matrix Organization
A matrix organization is a type of organizational structure that blends together a functional and project-based structure.
Mean wage
The mean wage is the sum of all wages divided by the number of employees.
Mentoring
Mentoring is a powerful tool that can help new employees establish themselves, develop professional relationships, and become a part of the corporate culture.
Merit Pay
Merit pay, also referred to as performance pay, is a system of compensation that is based on an employee's job performance.
Micromanagement
Micromanagement is a style of management characterized by a top-down approach where employees are subject to excessive control and oversight.
Millennials
Millennials are the generation of people born between 1980 and 2000. They are typically young, educated and tech-savvy, and they are said to have a different way of looking at the world than other generations.
Minimum Wage
The federal minimum wage is the minimum hourly wage employers are legally allowed to pay employees.
National Labor Relations Board
The National Labor Relations Board is a federal agency charged with enforcing the National Labor Relations Act, which sets the rules for relations between private sector employers, their employees, and labor unions.
Nepotism
Nepotism is the practice of hiring or promoting family members and friends because of their relationship to the person in charge.
Net Salary
Net salary is the amount of take-home pay an employee has available to him or her after income taxes, Social Security, long-term disability insurance, health insurance, workman's compensation insurance, and other deductions have been taken out of his or her paycheck.
Non-Compete Agreement
A non-compete agreement is an agreement between an employer and an employee that prevents the employee from working for a competitor after leaving the company.
Nondisclosure Agreement
A nondisclosure agreement (NDA) is a legal contract between two parties that prevents the disclosure of specific information or trade secrets
Objectives And Key Results (OKR)
Objectives and Key Results (OKR) is an employee assessment tool that uses employee goals and performance to measure the effectiveness of a company.
Occupational Stress
Occupational stress is a condition that occurs when people are under too much pressure at work. Occupational stress is a growing problem that causes many people to become ill.
Occupational safety and health
Occupational safety and health is a way for employers to protect the health and safety of their workers and to comply with government regulations.
Offboarding
Offboarding is the process of ending an employee's employment with a company. It includes preparing the employee for their departure and ensuring the employee's records are up to date.
Offer Letter
An offer letter is a document that outlines the terms and conditions of a job offer for a new hire.
Offshoring
Offshoring is the practice of using a foreign company to complete a portion of a company's business processes.
Onboarding
Onboarding is the process by which an organization provides new employees with the information, procedures and resources they need to perform their jobs effectively and efficiently.
Organizational Change
Organizational change is a planned alteration in the structure, management, policies, or culture of an organization.
Organizational Culture
Organizational culture is the pattern of shared attitudes, values and goals that typify an organization.
Organizational Development
Organization development (OD) is the process of creating a strategy, an organizational vision and structure, and a set of goals that will help an organization increase its effectiveness and adaptability.
Orientation
Orientation is a process that new employees go through to familiarize themselves with the company, people and policies of the business.
Outplacement
Outplacement is a type of career counseling offered to employees who are currently unemployed or leaving a job, but that can also be offered to workers who are looking for a new job.
Overqualification
Overqualification occurs when an employee has more education, experience, or skill sets than are necessary for a position.
Overtime
Overtime is the practice of paying hourly workers time-and-a-half for every hour worked after the standard 40-hour work week
PTO
Paid Time Off, or PTO, is a flexible benefit offered by some employers that allows employees to use their vacation, sick or personal days.
Paid Family Leave
Paid family leave is a benefit offered to employees by some employers that allows employees who take time off from work to care for a family member to receive some of their normal pay from their employer.
Part-time Employee
Part-time employees work for an organization for fewer than 40 hours a week, and they tend to receive fewer benefits than full-time employees.
Payroll
Payroll is a set of calculations and records used to calculate and administer the payment of wages and salaries to employees, based on their work and pay periods.
Payroll Software
Payroll software allows businesses to pay their employees electronically. A good payroll software system provides a company with the tools it needs to run a payroll, including direct deposit, employee tax forms and payment of benefits.
People Analytics
People analytics is the process of analyzing data and information to gain insights into how people work.
People Operations
People operations is a term that describes the management of the company's workforce, including recruiting, employee retention, and HR functions
Performance Appraisal
Performance appraisal is the process an employer uses to evaluate an employee's job performance. It is most often used to determine an employee's compensation and promotions.
Performance Evaluation
Performance evaluations are an essential part of every company's human resources process. They give employers the opportunity to discuss an employee's job performance, as well as develop action plans to improve performance.
Performance Improvement
Performance improvement is the process businesses go through to ensure employees are able to perform their jobs in an efficient and effective manner.
Performance Improvement Plan
An employee performance improvement plan is any written document used by an employer to detail the steps an employee must take to improve performance.
Performance Management
Performance management is a systematic process that an organization uses to assess its performance, identify ways to improve, and implement those improvements.
Performance Management Cycle
A performance management cycle is a management strategy that involves the use of performance reviews to assess the performance of an employee.
Performance Planning
Performance planning refers to the process a company uses to establish the goals and objectives for an employee's performance and work.
Pink Slip
The term "pink slip" refers to a termination notice an employer issues to a current or former employee, usually by handing the employee a pink slip of paper.
Position classification
Position classification is a tool that determines a job's worth by determining the level of skill and experience needed to successfully perform the duties of the job.
Predictive Index
A predictive index is a type of measure used to gauge the likelihood of certain employee behavior, such as quitting or remaining with a company for an extended period of time.
Preference Points
Preference points are a system used by some employers that rewards employees who have been with the company for a long time by giving them a point for every year they have worked for the company.
Probationary Arrangements
Probationary arrangements are temporary working relationships between an employer and a new employee.
Probationary Period
A probationary period is a time period during which an employer can fire an employee for any reason, without having to state a reason.
Psychometric Test
A psychometric test is a type of employment test that measures an individual's personality and cognitive abilities to determine whether the individual is suited for a job.
Psychometric Testing
Psychometric testing, also known as psychometrics, is the practice of measuring a person's psychological characteristics.
Quality management
Quality management is the process a business uses to monitor and evaluate the quality of the products and services it provides to ensure customers receive only the best.
Queen Bee Syndrome
The queen bee syndrome is a term coined by Carol Kulik in the Search Engine Journal to describe a woman who is abusive to other women in the office.
Quid Pro Quo
Quid pro quo is a Latin term that refers to the exchange of one thing for another. It is often used to refer to the idea of a manager offering high-performing employees a special benefit in exchange for their work.
Recruiting
Recruiting is the process an organization uses to identify, attract, evaluate, and hire the people most qualified for available jobs.
Recruitment
Recruitment is the process of finding and selecting qualified candidates for employment.
Recruitment Software
Recruitment software is software used by organization to aid them in the recruitment process.
Redundancy
Redundancy is a condition where an employee is no longer needed in a position because the employer has decided to eliminate the position
Redundancy Payments
Redundancy payments are benefits an employee is entitled to receive if he or she is laid off and is subsequently rehired by the employer.
Reference Check
A reference check is a piece of information that a prospective employer obtains from a current or past employer, peer or co-worker about a job candidate to determine whether the candidate is the best candidate for the position.
Relieving Letter
In personnel management, a relieving letter is a letter that is written by the employer to inform the employee that he or she is being replaced by another person.
Remuneration
Remuneration is the practice of offering rewards and benefits to employees in exchange for their work.
Request for proposal
A request for proposal (RFP) is a formal solicitation issued by a person or an organization seeking bids from multiple vendors for a project or procurement. This document is sent to prospective vendors and outlines the specific details of the project and the requirements for the products or services requested
Restricted Holidays
This is a list of holidays that some organizations and companies consider to be restricted or non-working days.
Restructuring
Restructuring is the process of changing the way an organization operates to improve its efficiency and profitability.
Resume
This is a list of human resource article titles, and their SEO meta descriptions.
Retaliation
Retaliation is the act of responding to a situation with the same behavior used against you. It also refers to the response to negative actions with actions of a more negative nature.
Retention strategy
A retention strategy is an effort that an organization takes to reduce employee turnover, or to prevent its employees from leaving the company.
Reverse Mentoring
Reverse mentoring is a process that allows organizations to learn from the experience of their younger employees, who may have knowledge and skills that the organization lacks.
Rewards and Recognition
Rewards and recognition is a program that offers employees and associates incentives and awards for their performance and contributions to the organization.
Right to Manage
Right to manage is a property right granted to a property manager by a property owner, which gives the manager the legal right to manage the property as he or she sees fit.
Right to Work
Right to work laws are statutes in the United States that prohibit the forced payment of union dues as a condition of employment.
Risk Management
Risk management is a process that identifies the risks an organization faces and develops ways to prevent, control and respond to the risk.
Roster Management
Roster management is the process of managing the lineups of sports teams.
Rotational Training
Rotational training is an employee training program that gives employees experience in several different departments or areas within an organization, giving them the opportunity to observe and learn about different jobs.
Sabbatical leave
Sabbatical leave is a type of leave from a job that usually lasts from six months to a year. It is intended for employees to use the time to pursue projects or interests that will enrich their professional lives
Salary
Salary is the amount of money an employee earns for performing a job. The amount is based on the employee's position and experience. A salary is usually paid on a regular basis, such as weekly, monthly or annually.
Salary History
Salary history refers to information about a past or current employee's compensation and benefits, including salary, bonuses, and benefits.
Salary Negotiation
Salary negotiation is the process a job seeker uses to obtain a higher salary.
Salary survey
A salary survey is a study that evaluates employee salary and compensation trends in various industries and of various types of employees.
Selection
Selection is the process used to choose a new employee for a position in the organization.
Sensitivity Training
Sensitivity training is a form of education and training that is generally conducted in a classroom setting that is meant to help people learn about themselves and others.
Severance Pay
Severance pay is a benefit that many employers offer to employees who are terminated from a job or who quit a job.
Situational Leadership
Situational leadership is a set of leadership theories that focus on the different leadership styles that can be used in certain situations and under certain conditions.
Skill Gap
Skill gap is a term used to describe the difference between the skills employers need and the skills job candidates offer.
Social Collaboration
Social collaboration is the use of social media tools to enable employees to communicate and share information with one another. Social collaboration can be used to support a variety of business processes.
Social HR
Social HR is a form of employee engagement in which an organization uses social media as a platform for interacting with its employees and creating a culture of communication.
Social Media Policy
A social media policy is a set of principles that defines how an employer will handle employees' use of social media to market themselves and their employer.
Social Networking
Social networking is an application that makes use of the online capabilities of a number of different Web 2.0 tools and technologies to allow users to create and maintain networked connections with other users.
Social Recruitment
Social recruitment is a form of employment recruiting that relies on social networking websites, such as Facebook and Twitter, to find job candidates.
Software as a service (SaaS)
SaaS is software that is hosted by a vendor and made available to multiple customers over the Internet.
Staffing
Staffing is the action of finding and hiring people to fill positions within a company.
Strategic HRM
Strategic human resources management is concerned with the strategic planning process, including the functions and services that support the strategic planning effort.
Strategic Planning
Strategic planning is a process that organizations use to determine their goals and establish a course of action for achieving them.
Substance Abuse Policy
A substance abuse policy is a type of policy that outlines the rules and regulations about the use of alcohol, drugs, or both in the workplace.
Succession planning
Succession planning is a strategy that companies use to help ensure that they are prepared to replace employees who are leaving the organization
Summary Dismissal
Summary dismissal refers to the act of terminating an employee's employment and is based solely on the employer's judgment
Suspension
Suspension is the practice of temporarily banning an employee from a job or from the entire workplace for breaking specific company rules.
System Changeover
A system changeover is the process of moving a business from a paper-based system to a digital one.
Systemic discrimination
Systemic discrimination occurs in organizations where the prejudice and discrimination is built into the organizational structure, policies, and procedures.
Talent Acquisition
Talent acquisition is the process of finding and attracting the right candidates for a job, and then hiring the best of those candidates.
Talent Management
Talent management is the process an organization uses to identify, develop, and retain its most talented employees.
Talent Management Software
Talent management is the process of managing the talent within an organization in a way that will contribute to the overall success of the company. Talent management software is a computer program that automates the human resources process.
Tangible rewards
Tangible rewards are benefits that employees can see and touch, such as company merchandise, stock, and discount programs.
Tax
Tax is a revenue collected by a government. It is often, but not always, enforced through legal mechanisms such as a tax code, and a tax authority. A "tax" is different from a "toll" in that a tax is levied on a tax base in order to fund the government, while a toll is levied on a good, service, or activity in order to fund infrastructure, public services, or other state projects.
Taxable Income
Taxable income is a person's income that is subject to tax.
Team building
Team building is the process of creating a cohesive group of people who work together effectively
Terms of Employment
Terms of employment is a contract that outlines an employer-employee relationship and is usually signed by both parties.
Time Off
A flexible work schedule is a benefit that allows employees to take time off when they need it. They can take a day off as needed and re-arrange their schedule to accommodate their needs.
Title VII
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a federal law that prohibits discrimination in the workplace on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Total Compensation
Total compensation is the total amount of salary and benefits an employee receives as compensation for his or her employment.
Total Quality Management
Total Quality Management (TQM) is a set of techniques and activities used to improve quality in a business process.
Total Remuneration
Total remuneration is the combination of salary and other benefits an employee receives for his services, such as health insurance and pension contributions.
Total Rewards
What is total rewards and what does it mean for your employees?
Toxic Workplace
A toxic workplace is one that does not promote a healthy work environment for its employees. This can be characterized by an ongoing sense of negative energy, hostility, conflict and a pervasive sense of foreboding.
Training Needs Analysis
A training needs analysis is a process that determines which employees need training and what they need to learn to be competent in their jobs.
Training and Development
Training and development is the ongoing process of teaching employees how to perform their job duties
Transformational Leadership
Transformational leadership is a leadership style that inspires commitment, creativity, and cooperation by encouraging a shared vision and building trust, respect, and relationships with followers.
Tuition Reimbursement
Tuition reimbursement is an employee benefit that allows employers to pay for their employees' tuition, books and other education-related expenses.
Turnover
Turnover is the rate at which employees leave a position. It is often expressed as a percentage of total employees.
Unconscious Bias
Unconscious bias is a term used to describe the tendency of people to make judgments and decisions with which they may not entirely agree.
Union
A union is an organization formed by employees to protect their rights and benefits.
Vacation Time
When employees take time off from their jobs, it's often called vacation time. It can also be referred to as time off, holiday time, or days off.
Variable Pay
Variable pay is a form of compensation that fluctuates based on the performance of an employee or a group of employees.
Virtual HR
Virtual HR is a form of HR management that utilizes information technology (IT) to support the HR function, which is traditionally done by a person.
Voluntary Benefits
Voluntary benefits are benefits that an employer can provide to employees that are not required to be offered by law.
Voluntary Severance
A voluntary separation package, or voluntary severance, is a package of benefits an employer offers to an employee in lieu of involuntary termination.
Wage
Wage is compensation paid by an employer to an employee in return for work performed
Wage Drift
When the wages of employees working for a particular employer grow more rapidly than the rate of inflation, the amount of the wages paid to the employees is said to have drifted upward.
Wage and Hour Laws
The Wage and Hour Laws are a set of regulations and laws that require employers to provide their employees with a minimum wage and certain benefits and to follow a certain amount of rules to ensure that employees are compensated fairly for their efforts.
Wellness Programs
Offering a variety of services, wellness programs are designed to promote employee health and well-being, reduce health-related costs, and improve productivity.
Whistleblower
A whistleblower is an employee who exposes any form of corruption or unethical behavior taking place in an organization, including fraud, waste, abuse, mismanagement, or threats to public health or safety.
Work-life Balance
Work-life balance refers to the relative harmony or lack of harmony between the various areas of life for a person, especially to the extent that the workplace interferes with the other areas of life.
Worker's Compensation
Worker's compensation is a form of insurance that is required by law for employers to provide for their employees.
Workforce Management
Workforce management is the process of managing an organization's human capital. Workforce management is an important human resources function and can be applied to a single employee or an entire organization.
Workforce Planning
Workforce planning is the process an organization uses to analyze its workforce and determine the steps it must take to prepare for future staffing needs.
Workplace Bullying
Workplace bullying involves the use of coercive behaviors in order to intimidate or cause harm to another individual who is not part of the aggressor's social group.
Wrongful Termination
Wrongful termination is when an employee loses their job because of unlawful conduct by their employer.

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